Each of us has a personality, which is a set of unique traits that affect how we act, think, feel, and connect with others. Our personality traits, which are the things that make us who we are, cause us to act in pretty regular ways as we go through life. Still, our identities can change. We learn from what we do and see. As we deal with the world around us, we try out different ways of responding to see which ones feel better and work better. People with personality disorders usually don’t have this kind of freedom.
What Are Personality Disorders?
A personality disorder is a pattern of thoughts and actions that lasts for a long time and is very different from what people in the person’s culture expect. People with personality disorders have a consistent, fixed pattern of how they feel inside and how they act outside. This pattern affects their sense of self, their emotional experiences, their goals, their ability to understand others, and/or their ability to be close to others. In other words, they have personality traits that are much more extreme and dysfunctional than most people in their society. These traits cause them or others a lot of problems and emotional pain.
Personality disorders start when a person is a teenager or a young adult, stay the same over time, and cause pain or other problems. These conditions are some of the hardest to treat when it comes to the mind. Many people with these disorders don’t even know they have personality problems and don’t connect their problems to the way they think and act in a way that doesn’t work for them.
How to Understand Personality Disorders
Personality Disorders are defined by long-lasting patterns of behavior, thinking, and inner feelings that are very different from what society expects. These habits often cause people to have trouble with their personal and social lives.
Personality disorders are separated into three groups:
- Paranoid Personality disorder
- Schizoid Personality disorder
- Schizotypal Personality disorder
- Antisocial Personality disorder
- Borderline Personality disorder
- Histrionic Personality disorder
- Narcissistic Personality disorder
- Avoidant Personality disorder
- Dependent Personality disorder
- Obsessive Compulsive Personality disorder
Why Do People Have Personality Disorders?
Genetic and Biological Factors: Personality Disorders may be caused by genes and differences in the way the brain is built and how it works.
Environmental Factors: Things that happened to a person as a child, such as abuse, neglect, or parents who were not always there for them, can contribute to the growth of these disorders.
Personality Traits: Some personality traits, when taken to the extreme, can make it more likely that a person will get a Personality Disorder.
Signs and Symptoms
The signs and symptoms of each type of Personality Disorder are different. But here are some usual signs:
- Having trouble making and keeping friends
- Acting on impulse
- Instability of feelings
- Sensitive to judgment to the extreme
- Lack of trust in others
- Fear of being alone
Dealing with Personality Disorders
Professional Help: Talk to a therapist or psychiatrist who specializes in helping people with Personality Disorders for advice.
Psychotherapy: Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) are two types of psychotherapy that can help treat these illnesses.
Supportive Relationships: Associate yourself with friends and family who are caring and understanding and can help you feel better.
Personality Disorders can cause a lot of problems, but with the right help and care, people can deal with their symptoms and live happy, full lives. Steps toward improved psychological well-being and mental health include getting professional help, going to treatment, and building a network of people who can help.
How to Deal with Personality Disorders?
Personality Disorders are long-term conditions, but with help, people can learn to deal with their symptoms and live happier lives.
Show them you understand, have patience, and support them. Tell them to talk to a professional and be a part of their care plan.
Self-help methods can be helpful, but it’s important to work with a mental health professional who can make a treatment plan that fits your needs and goals.
Yes, people with Personality Disorders can improve their social skills and keep good relationships with help and treatment.
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