Etiology of Anxiety Disorders

Written by Aleem

August 24, 2023

The cause of Separation Anxiety Disorder

Genes play a role in anxiety in children, but genes work through the environment. Genes play a bigger role in separation anxiety when a child goes through something bad, like losing a significant other or a primary caretaker.

How parents raise their children can be a contributing factor in child worry. More than parental rejection, childhood worry is linked to parents who are too controlling and protective of their kids. Children and teens are also more likely to have anxiety symptoms if they have trouble controlling their emotions and had an insecure bond as babies.

Why do some people choose not to Speak?

Selective mutism can happen if a person has traits of negative affectivity (neuroticism) or behavioral control. Parents who were shy, didn’t interact with many people, or suffered from social anxiety are also to blame for this issue. As we’ve already discussed, overly protective parents are also to blame for this issue.

How does a Specific Phobia start?

In the behavioral model, phobias are seen as learned responses that come about after a scary event (classical conditioning) and are kept going by actions that try to avoid the scary thing (operant conditioning). According to behavioral theory, phobias may develop as a result of being under direct stress, observing how others behave, or receiving instructions.

How did Social Anxiety Disorder come to be?

The way people behave is the root cause of social anxiety disorder. In the same way that a two-factor conditioning model is used to explain the causes of individual phobias, it is also used to explain the causes of social anxiety disorder. That is, a person could have a bad social experience (directly, through modeling, or through verbal instruction) and become classically conditioned to fear similar scenarios, which the person then avoids. Operant training keeps this avoidance behavior going because it makes the person feel less afraid.

Cognitive Point of View:

The idea looks at a number of ways that mental processes might make social anxiety worse. First, people with social anxiety disorders seem to have overly bad ideas about how other people will react to how they act in social situations. For example, they may think that if they blush or pause while speaking, people will reject them. Second, they pay more attention than most people to how they feel in social settings and how they feel inside. Instead of paying attention to the person they are talking to, they often think about how others might see them (for example, “He must think I’m an idiot”). They often have very strong negative ideas about how other people will treat them. The resulting anxiety makes it hard for them to do well in social situations, which creates a negative circle.

For example, a person with social anxiety might not pay enough attention to other people, so those people think the person isn’t interested in them. People like this have social standards that are too high and think they are not beautiful or socially skilled.

People like this think that social disasters will happen, so they act in ways that are “avoidance” and “safety” habits. After a social event, they think about what happened and imagine how bad it was or what bad things will happen.

How did Panic Disorder begin?

Biological Point of View

The sympathetic nervous system works more quickly during a panic attack, which appears to be due to a problem with the fear circuit. In many anxiety illnesses, the fear circuit seems to play an important role. The locus ceruleus is the main place in the brain where the chemical norepinephrine is made. Norepinephrine is a big part of what makes the sympathetic nervous system work. Panic episodes are linked to changes in the amount of norepinephrine in the body. Panic attacks are also linked to the amygdala.

Research shows that genes and chromosomes can also cause panic attacks. It has been seen that people with panic disorder are more likely to be close cousins than those who are farther away.

Cognitive Point of View:

Cognitive views focus on how people get very wrong ideas about how their bodies are changing. According to this model, panic attacks happen when a person sees their body’s signals as signs of something bad about to happen. For example, the person may think that the feeling of their heart rate going up is a sign that they are about to have a heart attack. Obviously, these kinds of thoughts will make the person feel more anxious, which makes them feel more physically ill, creating a deadly circle. They are more likely to do this because they have been through more stressful events in their lives.

Generalized Anxiety Disorder is caused by?

Psychodynamic point of view:

Freud said that some children may have an unusually high amount of anxiety because of things that happened to them when they were young. Say a boy gets spanked every time he cries for milk as a baby, wets his pants as a two-year-old, or plays with his private parts as a child. He might start to think that his different id urges are very dangerous, and he might feel a lot of anxiety whenever he has one of these impulses. This could lead to generalized anxiety disorder.

On the other hand, a child’s defenses against anxiety may not be strong enough for him or her to handle even normal amounts of anxiety. When parents shield their kids from all problems and threats, the kids don’t get much chance to learn how to defend themselves. When they face the stresses of adulthood, their defenses may not be strong enough to handle the worries that come with it. Adults who were severely punished as children for acting on their id urges have more anxiety as adults.

Cognitive Point of View:

A cognitive perspective says that mental disorders are often caused by ways of thinking that don’t work. When people who make these assumptions meet something stressful, like an exam or a first date, they are more likely to see it as dangerous, overreact, and feel afraid. As they apply their beliefs to more and more situations, they may start to show signs of generalized anxiety disorder.

You May Also Like…


Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *